About Suryapet Municipality
Suryapet Municipality is a first Grade municipality in Nalgonda District of Andhra Pradesh and spread over 24 sq km. Suryapet urban town was constituted during the year 1952, as Grade - III municipality. Municipality has 34 no. of election wards, 3 no. of Revenue wards. 
 The town has 269 km of roads (includes 158 km of cement roads, 43 km of BT roads, 68 km WBM roads)
 The drains expanded to 340.5 km by covering total town (includes 198.5 km pucca drains, 142 km of storm water drains)
 Developed the greenery by plantation in the town preferably in houses, schools, colleges, burial grounds, agricultural market, edga, and parks.
Town Profile :-
Population (2011) - 1.05 Lakhs
Area - 24 sq km.
Total Number of households – 25,000
Waste generated - 62 tonnes per day

As all of us know that Man is a Social Animal from the time immemorial. The Modern Man is NOT an exception. Thus, right from the ‘Cradle to Grave’, his every activity is linked-up with the Society. In that process, he is bound to cause certain Social problems. One of such most important one is the sanitation. Its severity depends upon the Density of the Population lives together in that particular Area. 
If this Sanitation problem is Under-looked OR Over-looked, it is bound to cause grave Health Hazards to that very Society, itself. To over-come this problem, the Social Sanitation (including Personal Hygiene) should be dealt with, with Utmost Care & Proper In-depth understanding. As it is the Social problem, the entire burden lies with the collective Responsibility, RATHER THAN ‘individual’ one. In this respect, the Urban Local Self-Government Institutions (viz: Municipalities and Corporations etc.,) had an ‘indispensible Role’ to play, in their respective jurisdictions.

Take the Example of Town Municipality, Suryapet of Dist. Nalgonda. It has taken number of precautionary measures for Solid Waste Management, prescribed in SWM Rules, 2000, right from the Year 2002. It has spread this Message, by successfully educating the Town Public, through frequent Periodical Informal Meetings, with local Educational Institutions, Traders Societies & Women Organizations etc., Even the College & School-going Children, Parents Committees too were covered through wider Mike Publicities. 
Several Sanitation Tractors were also pressed into Service, with Trained , Committed Sanity Staff & Supervisors, for collecting the Domestic Solid & Liquid Wastes (both Wet & Dry), from all Residential Houses through periodical punctual Door Visits. The active Co-operation of all the Town Residents is the Concrete Proof to brand this Programme as ‘GRAND SUCCESS’, which is firsts of its kind in Surya Peta Town.
The back-drop History of this Town Municipality, Suryapet with the steps taken in this direction, are as follows, in brief: 
1. The Programme was first initiated by Sri Md. Khader Sahib, the-then-Commissioner, after convincing the-then-Sitting Municipal Council. Since then, it is being continued further, still more vigorously.

2. Successfully conducted wide-ranging Inculcative Meetings with the available Self-Help Groups. 

3. Successfully deployed required additional Field Staff, with vehicles, as per need of the hour. 

4. Systematically removed all the existing Dust Bins, serially from Street after Street, in the Town.

5. Sri Meela Satya Narayana, Eminent Local Industrialist, Freedom Fighter, ex-Chairman of the Municipality, distributed new Bins for segregation of the Waste, in the Town.

6. Planned to phase-out all the existing Dust Bins, as & when the cent per cent results are achieved, in respect of house-to-house Garbage Collection is achieved.

7. Announced Incentives & Dis-incentives (Fines) to Co-operative & non-co-operative people, respectively.

8. Took-up large-scale Informative Media Activities, in all Slums & Plain Areas of the Town, through the exhibition of Videos, Short Movies, Slides, Banners, and distribution of Pamphlets etc., on the subject. 
9. Successfully, stepped-up the Supervisory Activities, at every Stage, for rectification of defects found, if any.

10. Fully prepared to receive any positive suggestions & constructive criticism, from any quarter, in the public interest.

11. Successfully conducted Essay Writing & Rangoli Competitions among School, College-going Students, & House-wives on the Street Roads, in the Town, on the Subject, respectively. 

12. Successfully strengthened the Drianage Net-work to the needy efficient level, coupled with the regular supervisory visits of Sanitary Inspectors to mend the non-co-operators, in the Town. 

13. Successfully stressed the principle of “collective Work System” for the success of Garbage Collection Campaign, in the minds of all the connected Staff.

14. Successfully shifted the Vermi Compost Processing Yard (including the Sale Process of Dry Waste) to present Jamuna Nagar site, from the previous Ambedkar Nagar to over-come the space problem. The required Earth Worms are imported from Khammam Town.

This Municipality was Awarded with ISO Certificate (No.14001 – 2004) for the successful implementation of this Programme in the Year 2004, itself. Late Sri YS Raja Sekhar Reddy, the-then-Chief Minister too Awarded a Cash Prize of Rs.25, 00,000/- in the same Year, for this achievement. Late Sri Koneru Ranga Rao, the-then-Minister for Municipal Administration., also Awarded Prizes to this Municipality, for this unique success. 

This Role Model Municipality also stood-up as Centre of Attraction for Visits of several Political Leaders, Groups, Representatives of other similar Institutions and Voluntary Organizations, Officers and Eminent Personalities, from both National & International Levels, for conducting on-the-Spot Studies.
This Municipality also is gaining some financial benefits through this collected Solid Wastage (both Dry & Wet) by using them as ingredients in manufacturing Plastic Carry Bags, Paper Bundles and Vermi Composts, respectively.
All this success is the direct result of Town Public’s matured Awareness, Co-operation of Voluntary Organizations, Town Elders, Right-thinking Citizens and Co-ordination & Sincerity on the part of Municipal Staff. 

Primary Waste Collection :-
The entire town is divided into 7 sanitary circles. Collection of solid waste in residential area is started by 6:00 am with 13 tractors, 4 autos. i.e, 25,000 households in the year 2011. Every day one separated vehicle was exclusively allotted for waste collection from chicken shops & Hospital waste between 2:30 pm to 5:00 pm. There is also separate vehicle for the collection of dry waste in the commercial areas. This dry waste collection process is getting done by an outsourcing agency. There is also separate vehicle for collection of wet waste.In the slum areas the source segregation of waste is being done.

One Tractor for chicken waste collection
One for commercial area dry waste collection
Daily Garbage generating in town 62 Tonnes /day
Lifting 62 Tonnes / day
Wet Garbage
Dry garbage
Composting waste
Recycling waste

Composting Yard :-
The recycle unit or (compost yard) is at the distance of 10km from the town. It has 3 composting sheds and 1 recycling shed of 10’’ x 40’’ .
Facilities at the Composting Yard :-
1. Water facility is provided with bore well.
2. Lighting facility
3. Green belt around the compost yard
4. Watch man quarters, store room facility
5. Road facility
6. One Dozer
7. One Pulverizer
8. One Vibrating sewer for separating compost material
9. Man power – 9 Member
Composting of Organic Waste :-
Composting process involves following three steps
1. Segregation of Waste
2. Decomposition of the waste through composting methods
3. Seweing, packing for marketing
Suryapet Municipality is using vermi-composting method to process the wet garbage. The first step in this process is collecting the organic garbage separately from households, vegetable, fruit markets. Most important requirement for composting is separation of non-bio degradable waste, like glass, plastic, metals etc. Separation is done by at the source only.
Collected wet waste is composting naturally for a period of one month, twice a day water is spraying on the wet waste and turns the waste decomposed to small pieces. When the large pieces of bio-degradable material is available, the same is pulverized to make in to small pieces, so as make it compostable in less time.
This composted material is formed in to beds and moisture is maintained by spraying water once a day. After 15 to 20 days till the bed is decomposed completely then we will get valuable fertilizer vermi- compost. The earth worms are left into those bed sand vermi compost beds.
Dry waste collected from commercial areas like paper, plastic etc., is separated in recycling shed and this waste is binded with a plastic rope wire into 30 kg to 40 kg bundles are sold to paper recycles.
Bio medical waste from hospitals, nursing homes, clinics and chicken waste is collecting separately in tractor and burying the waste safely in compost yard.
Plastic reduction:
Municipal council has taken decision to minimize the usage of plastic. The following ways are adopted for the same.
1. Incentives
2. IEC
3. alternatives
4. fining

 Incentives: The kirana and merchant association was asked to give incentive of 1/- to 5/- basing on the material purchased, when carry in a bag. It also saves a lot amount on purchase of plastic carry bags to shop owner. Similarly, chicken and mutton shop owners are requested to extend incentive of 2/- on purchase of meat. The hotel owners are requested to give incentive of 2/- on each plate of tiffin , when consumers carry it in a box. All of them have implemented as it saves environment in addition to valuable money to them.

 IEC: The disadvantages are widely informed, communicated and educated the ill affects. posters are prepared and displayed in all the important places. Meetings are convened with all important sections of the town. They are as follows:

o Excessive use of plastic would cause cancers and neuro problems.
o Human beings do not have capacity to digest the plastic. Consumption of it would cause stomach-ache.
o It would stagnates water and cause the floods in cities like viziawada and Mumbai. Also create the mosquito breeding centres, especially aedis egypty, which cause dengue, chikun gunya.
o It causes the decrement in the sperm count and ovary count , which causes the infertility.
o The carcinogenic gases emanated out of burning the plastic would cause the unwanted hair in women and many other health ailments.
o It would pollute the water bodies and cause of aquatic animals.
o It does not allow the water to percolate in to earth.
o It decrease the fertility of the soil, there by become problem for food security.
o It is causing the death of valuable animals.
 Alternatives: 
The paper, jute, glass and metals are the alternatives. The same is provided to the people. Some people are trained to prepare the paper bags. Slowly some people started using the paper bags.
o The non-woven cloth bags and cloth bags are given at some places at free of cost. At later stages they are distributed at low cost.
o Tea Hotels were asked to use only paper glasses instead of plastic tea cups. They accepted and the usage is continuing.
o Sai baba temple was motivated to distribute its prasadam in the paper. They accepted and the usage is continuing. Similarly, venkateshwara temple was motivated by a N.G.O. to use alternate material.
o Function hall were motivated to use paper glasses and reusable plates.

 Fines: Most of the people listened to the requests of the staff of suryapet Municipality. When they did not listen, municipality has fined them in regular intervals.

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